VEDIKA MANYA SHIVAM
Centre For Social And Economic Progress
In developing countries, potential home-buyers lack accurate information about housing projects. Insecure property rights in developing countries have led to a rise in litigation against these projects. Information asymmetry between developers and buyers about the litigation status results in overpricing of litigated houses (lemons).
LAND RIGHTS FOR URBAN SLUM DWELLERS: A Review of the Odisha Land Rights to Slum Dwellers Act, 2017 and the Jaga Mission
The discourse on economic development has emphasized the role of law in ensuring clear property rights. Legal rights over land are thought of as a solution to incentivize investment in land, optimal use of resources, and market led-growth. Land rights (either through titling or restricted rights over land) have long been considered a precondition for development. This is because governments believe that such rights increase access to formal credit. In the specific context of urban slum dwellers, the added benefit of land rights is that these rights can now be used to ensure tenure security, help provide municipal services, and other social benefits. Based on these presumptions in 2017, the Odisha Land Rights to Slum Dweller Act (OLRSDA) and the Odisha Municipal Corporation (Amendment) Act (OMC) were enacted.
Land and property has been governed by the Indian state in rather conflicting ways in the past. While the first amendments to the Indian Constitution were purportedly to enable the State to redistribute land more equitably, this was followed by land acquisition that displaced Adivasis, Dalits and other vulnerable groups for developmental projects.
The Survey of Villages and Mapping with Improvised Technology in Village Areas (SVAMITVA), is a Central Government scheme, currently underway in 6 Indian states to provide property rights to rural homeowners residing in Abadi areas, set aside by gram panchayats for residential purposes.
Media plays an important role in informing and shaping public opinion around major issues. Media, thus, has the ability to impact large-scale outcomes through its reportage. This, then, begs the question: how does the media decide which issues to raise?
Approximately one in six urban residents in India lives in a slum, according to the Census of India (2011). The residents of slums are not only economically deprived, they fare worse on both mortality and morbidity indicators as compared to their non-slum neighbours as well as their rural counterparts (Mberu et al, 2016). They are … Continue reading Can Property Rights Improve Access to Toilets for the Urban Poor? Evidence from India
This paper studies the inheritance rights of transgender persons in India. Using commercial databases (e.g., SCC and Manupatra), it examines the legal framework for inheritance and looks at all court decisions since 1950 that mention the term transgender. Inheritance laws are based on a binary notion of gender. They do not envisage transgender persons or … Continue reading Inheritance rights of transgender persons in India
There are three common conjectures regarding land and property related litigation in India. First, it forms a large proportion of the caseload of Indian courts. Second, the quality of property records is to blame for the large volume and length of the litigation. Third, the caseload is compounded due to the complexity created by the … Continue reading Characterising land and property related litigation at the Delhi High Court